Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
In the direct aftermath of the war, the immediate American historiography of the war relied heavily on Western sources, as historians constructed the historiography based on the information available. As Communist sources became available, especially in the s, the historiography began to transform.
The first generation Vietnam War of scholarship largely utilized official media material and the second generation relied on documents captured or collected during the war. Another consideration to the historiography is that more anti-war Americans entered academia during the s and s than Americans who supported the war.
Mark Moyar noted the effect on the historiography: The changing face of the historiography raises several questions: What was the Communist perspective and how did this change the historiography of the war?
How did the passage of time change the historiography of the war? How did the United States come to define their strategy against the Communists? Is there anyone to blame for American involvement?
This essay examines the historiography of the Vietnam War afterspecifically addressing different schools of historiography, including a Communist perspective, and argues that American policy makers made a series of missteps that ultimately led to the Americanization of the war in Revisionist To understand American historiography of the war, it is crucial to understand the inherent differences between orthodox and revisionist histories.
Essentially, orthodox historians argue that the United States entered an unwinnable war. Another revisionist book that Moyar addressed is B.
He claimed these veterans appeared in the media and reported stories of physical and psychological atrocities, giving evidence to antiwar historians. Regardless of what side a person favors, analysis of both the orthodox and revisionist scholarship provides a more complete history. War is not black and white and rarely are there clear-cut answers to the questions posed by war.
The historiography of the Vietnam War continues to transform and it is beneficial to historians to study all arguments presented.
Yet this new perspective revealed inconsistencies within American policy. For instance, from throughHanoi attempted to reach a negotiated settlement with the South to set up a neutral coalition government. This Plenum contained three sessions and concluded that the task of the international communist movement existed to guard the purity of Marxism and Leninism while strengthening the unity in the socialist camp and the fighting strength of the party.
The American news media helped to perpetuate this myth with the footage from the fall of Saigon. Images are very powerful in war, and this image is no exception. Perhaps this myth helped to ease bruised American egos, because Americans were unaccustomed to losing wars, especially to an Eastern country under Communist rule.
The moral superiority that abounded in the policymaking at the time found it hard to accept that the strong American military could lose to a county considered inferior. The propagation of the myth that North Vietnam ultimately won with conventional methods eased the minds of American policy makers and their concern with United States prestige.
Moral Superiority Moral superiority served as a key motivator in the Vietnam War, as in many wars in American history.
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