Since the goal of marketing is to make the product or service widely known and recognized to the public, they have a variety of ethical, legal, and social responsibilities. Business ethics is very important to the success of any business.
Import into RefWorks 1.
This is why the TQM concept has captured the attention of all sides of commerce and industry, as well as that of politicians and academics.
The large number of articles being published in this area is a testimony to the high level of interest in quality issues. During the past decade, quality improvement has become one of the most important organizational strategies for achieving competitive advantage.
Improving the quality with which an organization can deliver its products and services is critical for competing in an expanding global market. TQM begins with the primary assumption that employees in organizations must cooperate with each other in order to achieve quality for the needs of the customer.
TQM, however, does not only consist of quality tools and techniques. TQM processes also depend on a certain set of values and beliefs shared by all organizational members. The concept of quality has migrated from being considered as a non-price factor on which imperfect competition in the markets is based, to being considered as a strategic resource of firms.
In other words, quality went from being a one-dimensional attribute of the product to being considered a multi-dimensional construct which has to be managed and the implementation of which leads to a dynamic capability of firms [ 1 ]. Despite the large number of articles and books on TQM, total quality management remains a hazy, ambiguous concept [ 2 ].
This may be due to the fact that the term TQM means different things to different people. Quality teams provide companies with the structured environment necessary for successfully implementing and continuously applying the TQM process. Quality training is conducted and the continuous improvement process executed through a well-planned team structure.
The ultimate goal of the team approach is to get everyone, including contractors, designers, vendors, subcontractors, and owners involved with the TQM process.
Prior studies [ 56 ] suggest that TQM strategy that focuses on increasing customer levels of satisfaction does have a significant and positive impact on performance. Ittner and Larcker [ 7 ], for example, suggest that attaining customer satisfaction is thought to increase the profits of the organization by decreasing costs through fewer returns and increasing revenues through customer loyalty.
The links between TQM and performance have been investigated by numerous scholars. While examining the relationship between TQM and performance scholars have used different performance types such as financial, innovative, operational and quality performance.
Although the effects of TQM on various performance types are inconsistent, quality performance generally indicated strong and positive relations [ 8 ]. Specifically, they found that industry sectors, management commitment, organizational structure, participation, and financial performance, have an impact on accounting lag.
Studies have claimed that marketing and TQM are complemen- tary business philosophies [ 1011 ]. From Saraph et al. In addition, few empirical studies have investigated the mediating effect indirect relationship of one type of performance measure on the relationship between TQM practices and another type of performance measure e.
Total Quality Management TQM Total quality management TQM is a systematic quality improvement approach for firm-wide management for the purpose of improving performance in terms of quality, produc- tivity, customer satisfaction, and profitability.
Since TQM prac- tices have been embraced by many firms around the world for decades, they have earned the attention of many researchers from diverse areas.
TQM is a management philosophy that is intended to empower every member of the organization.Total quality management (TQM) is a systematic quality improvement approach for firm-wide management for the purpose of improving performance in terms of quality, produc- tivity, customer satisfaction, and profitability.
Service Quality Essay The Importance of Service Quality and the Evaluation of Meeting Customer Expectations. INTRODUCTION.
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