For his home state of Virginia he served as governor and member of the House of Delegates and the House of Burgesses as well as filling various local offices — all tallied into almost five decades of public service. He also omitted his work as a lawyer, architect, writer, farmer, gentleman scientist, and life as patriarch of an extended family at Monticello, both white and black. He offered no particular explanation as to why only these three accomplishments should be recorded, but they were unique to Jefferson.
First Inaugural original text. He had no plans for a permanent two-party system of government.
He also began with a strong commitment to… Early years Albermarle county, where Jefferson was born, lay in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in what was then regarded as a western province of the Old Dominion. His father, Peter Jefferson, was a self-educated surveyor who amassed a tidy estate that included 60 slaves.
His mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson, was descended from one of the most prominent families in Virginia. She raised two sons, of whom Jefferson was the eldest, and six daughters. By all accounts he was an obsessive student, often spending 15 hours of the day with his books, 3 hours practicing his violin, and the remaining 6 hours eating and sleeping.
The two chief influences on his learning were William Small, a Scottish-born teacher of mathematics and scienceand George Wythethe leading legal scholar in Virginia. From them Jefferson learned a keen appreciation of supportive mentors, a concept he later institutionalized at the University of Virginia.
He read law with Wythe from tothen left Williamsburg to practice, mostly representing small-scale planters from the western counties in cases involving land claims and titles. Although he handled no landmark cases and came across as a nervous and somewhat indifferent speaker before the bench, he earned a reputation as a formidable legal scholar.
He was a shy and extremely serious young man. In he made two important decisions: These decisions nicely embodied the two competing impulses that would persist throughout his life—namely, to combine an active career in politics with periodic seclusion in his own private haven. His political timing was also impeccablefor he entered the Virginia legislature just as opposition to the taxation policies of the British Parliament was congealing.
MonticelloMonticello, near Charlottesville, Virginia. In he married Martha Wayles Skelton Martha Jeffersonan attractive and delicate young widow whose dowry more than doubled his holdings in land and slaves. His reputation thus enhancedthe Virginia legislature appointed him a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in the spring of He rode into Philadelphia—and into American history—on June 20,a tall slightly above 6 feet 2 inches [1.
In retrospect, the central paradox of his life was also on display, for the man who the following year was to craft the most famous manifesto for human equality in world history arrived in an ornate carriage drawn by four handsome horses and accompanied by three slaves.
John Adamsa leader in those debates, remembered that Jefferson was silent even in committee meetings, though consistently staunch in his support for independence. His chief role was as a draftsman of resolutions.
In that capacity, on June 11,he was appointed to a five-person committee, which also included Adams and Benjamin Franklinto draft a formal statement of the reasons why a break with Great Britain was justified. Adams asked him to prepare the first draft, which he did within a few days.
This accurately describes the longest section of the Declaration of Independencewhich lists the grievances against George III. It does not, however, describe the following 55 words, which are generally regarded as the seminal statement of American political culture: Capitol Rotunda, Washington, D.
Architect of the Capitol Jefferson, Thomas:Monticello: The Home of Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson's retirement years at Monticello were busy ones. This site focuses on his private life after leaving the presidency in and offers insights into his personal philosophy.
Includes links, timeline, and quotes. Thomas Jefferson was the nation's first secretary of state (); second vice president (); and, as the third president of the United States (), he was a /5(4).
Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, was born years ago this month. Here are 10 ways he contributed to American life and politics. 1. Wrote The Declaration of Independence () Thomas Jefferson was appointed by Congress to a five-person committee in charge of writing The Declaration of Independence.
The . For Jefferson’s retirement debt see, Herbert Sloan, Principle & Interest: Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Debt (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, . Although Thomas Jefferson was in France serving as United States minister when the Federal Constitution was written in , he was able to influence the development of the federal government through his correspondence.
Later his actions as the first secretary of state, vice president, leader of the. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence, served as the third president of the United States, oversaw the Louisiana Purchase, supported the American Revolution, and served as governor of Virginia during the Revolutionary War.
His "Notes on the State of Virginia" outlined the state's history, culture and geography.